ANATOMY and PHYSIOLOGY
In order to understand the goal and task of our Projekt Andros in the prevention and treatment of erectile dysfunction and incontinence disorders (urinary incontinence), it is crucial to realize the anatomical concepts and the erection mechanism. We intentionally avoid the complicated and specialized names from medical lexicon, to make the topic more understandable. Below you will find the list of muscles that directly and indirectly participate in the sexual act. These are the objects that take the spotlight in Projekt Andros.
Muscle groups, which take the main role in Projekt Andros1. Erectile muscles = bulbospongiosus muscle (muscle - "V", Masculus bulbospongiosus) and ischiocavernous muscle (muscle - "IC", Masculus ischiocavernosus), and also pubococcygetus muscle (Masculus pubococcygeus), which is the part of levator ani muscle (Masculus levator ani).
2. Other pelvic floor muscles – of superficial and deep layers ( Superficial and deep transverse perineal muscles, levator ani muscle, piriformis muscle, obturator internus muscle)
3. Tight muscles and adductors (mainly).
4. Muscles of the backs – lumbar and lumbosacral parts. (Quadratus lumborum and Iliopsoas along with Erector spinae).
5. Antero-lateral abdomen muscles (Obliques, Transversus Abdominis and Rectus Abdominis), including oblique muscle branch – cremaster muscle (only men).
6. Gluteus muscle (Masculus Gluteus Maximus).
Our abdominal organs are surrounded by pelvic floor muscles from the bottom side and from the top side – by the diaphragm muscle. During the exhale, the diaphragm along with abdominal organs rise and, during the inhale, they move lower. In the same moment – during the inhale, muscles of the back and abdominal muscle along with pelvic muscles are loosened, providing enough room for the bowels. During the inhale, these muscles are passively stretched. During the exhale, on the other hand, the diaphragm and organs go back to their original places; the diaphragm somehow pulls itself up.
THE ACTIVE PHASE OF THE EXERCISES CONTAINED IN PROGRAM ANDROS are to be performed during the EXHALE!!!
Inhale on the return!PROGRAM ANDROS consists of exercises that increase the blood flow, especially in the erectile area and corpus cavernosum of the men’s penis. It applies also to the area of pelvis, perineum and sex organs in women.
Furthermore, the program targets the muscles that participate in the sexual act indirectly, but are indispensible for it. Their role is not only to stabilize the pelvis, but also to create the additional pressure, which stops the rapid venous outflow from the erectile area during the erection. One of these mechanisms is called "ejaculation-abdominal wall reflex" – shortly before and during the ejaculation, the anterior-lateral muscles of the abdominal cavity become contracted. As the outcome of this contraction, there is an increased pressure in the abdominal cavity and pelvic vasoconstriction takes place. The same, there is an increased amount of the venous blood in the penis as the venous overflow is stopped... Of course, there are more similar mechanisms and if one is interested in this matter, please refer to the more sophisticated literature (see BENEFITS – MAN AND WOMAN-literature).
Erection Mechanism - Man.
Basic anatomy and physiologyThe erection mechanism (4 stages – arousal, plateau, orgasm and relax) has to meet certain anatomic and physiological conditions in order to work properly. The most essential element of the man’s penis anatomy are the corpora cavernosa and corpus spongiosum. The structure of the corpora cavernosa can be compared to the honeycomb. The condition for their functionality is their flexibility. This flexibility can be maintained only if the corpus spongiosum is supplied with blood (oxygen transport) frequently(!) enough. In case of erectile disorders (lack of blood supply or if the supply is not frequent enough), the flexible tissue becomes substituted by inelastic fibrous tissue, which does not preserve the functionality of the corpora cavernosa.
The chronic ischemia of the penis tissue (i.e. due to atherosclerosis; arteries that supply the blood to the penis are the narrowest in the human body) causes the fibrosis of the smooth muscle tissue and endothelial dysfunction, which leads to the lost of their proper functionality and to the erectile disorders.
There is a certain principle – "Use it or lose it!".
It is even more important to effectively prevent these changes (e.g. through through Projekt Andros), because it is much easier than the eventual treatment of an advanced process! The process of revitalization of the ‘inactive’ tissue is still possible, though its time differs depending on the age of a person, present diseases and the overall condition and physical performance.
In this case, the following rule can be applied: "The more active, the better".
As a result of excitement, the activation of several mechanisms takes place, which cause the blood to flow into the corpora cavernosa. This causes the pressure on the veins and prevents the premature outflow of the blood from the penis – this is how the erection happens (Hurraaaay!!!).
From the anatomical point of view, the direct involved and to the greatest extent in the erection process a two (already mentioned before) "erectile muscles" (m.ischiocavernosus and m.bulbospongiosus), which stabilize and "drive" this mechanism.
Both muscles are located in the crotch area (between the scrotum and anus in men and between the vagina and anus in case of women) and they run directly towards corpora cavernosa. More information concerning their function and how to localize them properly can be found in our section BEFORE YOU START – ACTIVATION.
So what about WOMEN?!
Erection mechanism - woman
Basic anatomy and physiologyThe clitoris in women is their equivalent of men’s penis and its corpora cavernosa. The clitoris has its glans (glans clitoris) and v-shaped clitoral legs (crus clitoris). Dourin woman’s orgasm, there is an occurrence of rhythmical erectile contractions of the vagina with the direct participation of the bulbospongiosus and ischocavernosus muscles (m. bulbospongiosus and m. ischiocavernosus – The well-known erectile muscles from the men’s anatomy paragraph). The spongy body (c. spongiosum) – the muscle, which surrounds the urethra – also takes part in the orgasmic process, it prevents the loss of urine during the intercourse and is indirectly responsible for the transfer of the additional, positive stimuli from the urethra.
Women’s orgasm is a very complicated process of interaction of the central (psyche) and external nerve systems with the circulatory and muscle systems. Only the proper coordination of these (healthy) systems is the guarantee for orgasm. Women’s orgasm has another upper hand over the men’s orgasm, which is the lack of refractory period. The lack of this particular period allows women to achieve orgasmic states repeatedly in a short amount of time. Furthermore, the sensorimotor physiological response of the clitoris does not fade along with women’s age...
Numerus clinical studies prove that strengthening of the erectile and pelvic floor muscles in men and women has a direct influence on the better and easier to achieve orgasms along with stronger sensations during sexual intercourses. And as we already know – sex is healthy!!!
Erectile disorders / Urinary incontinenceThe urinary incontinence is a serious problem not only from hygienic and psychological aspect but also it negatively influences the sexual satisfaction and/or sex in general. Numerous scientific researches have proven the negative correlation between the urinary incontinence and the sexual satisfaction in case of both men and women.
For many years, the pelvic floor muscle training has been the No. 1 in case of the treatment and prevention of the urinary incontinence among men and women. The methods that have been used until now, have not implemented the use of any equipment, thus the stimulation on the pelvic floor muscles has been of a small intensity. Despite this fact, after a longer time, they have still provided successful treatment results.
Projekt Andros introduces the new quality of these exercises. It allows to achieve the desired results in a shorter time and guarantees the long lasting effects.
The other disorders in which the pelvic muscles play a significant role are the nagging pains of vulva/vagina (vulvodynia) and painful sexual intercourse (pains of the genital area before, during or after the intercourse – so called vaginismus or dyspareunia). These pains can be severe so much that they prevent the sexual intercourse completely.
Projekt Andros can also be very helpful in such cases.